Occlusal splints

Occlusal splints

An occlusal splint is a type of dental device that is used to treat a variety of conditions that affect the way the teeth come together (the occlusion). Occlusal splints are often used to treat problems with the temporomandibular joint (TMJ), which is the joint that connects the jaw to the skull.

There are several different types of occlusal splints, including:

Bite splints: These are made to fit over the upper or lower teeth and help to reduce the wear and tear on the teeth.

Stabilization splints: These are used to stabilize the jaw and help to reduce discomfort and pain. Learn more about occlusal splints.

Positioning splints: These are used to help reposition the jaw and teeth in a more comfortable and stable position.

Night guards: These are worn at night to protect the teeth from grinding or clenching.

Occlusal splints are usually custom-made to fit the individual’s mouth and can be made from a variety of materials, including acrylic, silicone, or hard plastic. They may be recommended for people who have problems with their bite, TMJ disorders, bruxism (teeth grinding), or other conditions that affect the occlusion.

What does an occlusal splint do?

An occlusal splint is designed to protect the teeth and jaws from the damaging effects of grinding and clenching. When you grind or clench your teeth, it can cause discomfort and damage to the teeth and jaw joint, leading to problems such as tooth sensitivity, tooth wear, and TMJ disorders. An occlusal splint works by creating a barrier between the upper and lower teeth, which can help to reduce grinding and clenching. It can also help to realign the jaw and promote proper biting and chewing habits. In addition to protecting the teeth and jaw, an occlusal splint can also help to reduce stress and tension in the facial and neck muscles, which can lead to headaches and other types of discomfort.

What is the difference between a mouth guard and a splint?

Mouth guards and splints are both dental appliances that are designed to protect the teeth and jaws from damage. However, there are some key differences between the two.

A mouth guard is a flexible, rubber-like appliance that fits over the teeth and gums. It is typically worn during sports or other physical activities to protect the teeth and jaw from injury. Mouth guards are available in a variety of sizes and shapes, and can be custom-made by a dental professional to fit your mouth.

An occlusal splint, also known as a bite splint or night guard, is a harder, more rigid appliance that fits over the teeth and is worn at night or during the day to protect the teeth and jaw from grinding and clenching. Occlusal splints are usually made from materials such as hard acrylic, soft acrylic, or silicone, and are custom-made to fit your mouth.

In summary, the main difference between a mouth guard and an occlusal splint is the purpose for which they are used. A mouth guard is primarily used to protect the teeth and jaws from injury during sports or other physical activities, while an occlusal splint is used to protect the teeth and jaws from grinding and clenching.

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